Wednesday, 23 September 2009


Head of state and government Hamid Karzai
Death penalty retentionist Population 28.2 million Life expectancy 42.9 years Under-5 mortality (m/f) 232/237 per 1,000 Adult literacy 28 per cent

Millions of people living in southern and eastern Afghanistan, terrorized by the Taleban, other insurgent groups and local militias ostensibly allied with the government, suffered insecurity that further restricted their already limited access to food, health care, and schooling. Indiscriminate attacks, abductions and the targeting of civilians reached unprecedented levels. The Taleban and other anti-government groups significantly expanded their attacks to cover more than a third of the country, including areas once considered relatively safe in the centre and the north. Increased military attacks between anti-government groups and US and NATO troops resulted in more than 2,000 civilian deaths. The government failed to maintain the rule of law or to provide basic services to millions of people even in areas under its control.

"Civilian casualties have been increasing since 2001 and 2008 proved to be the bloodiest year yet."

full report available on Amnesty International website

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